Unit 2: Clothing

Unit 2: Clothing

30/11/2020 CÔNG TY TNHH TMDV HỖ TRỢ HỌC THUẬT STUDYCARE 0 Bình luận

Unit 2: Clothing

I. TỪ VỰNG (VOCABULARY)

II. ĐIỂM NGỮ PHÁP (LANGUAGE FOCUS)

1. Present perfect tense (Thì hiện tại hoàn thành)

2. Passive voice (Thể bị động)

a. Cấu trúc chung

Lưu ý:

  • Có thể bỏ by me/ by him/ by her/ by it/ by us/ by you/ by them/ by someone/ by somebody/ by people khi chuyển sang câu bị động.
  • Vị trí sắp xếp các trạng ngữ: S  +  be  + Vpp  + địa điểm + by O  +  thời gian
  • Khi chủ ngữ trong câu chủ động là phủ định (no one, nobody, none of… ) thì khi chuyển sang câu bị động, chúng ta chia động từ bị động ở dạng phủ định

b. Dạng bị động với động từ có 2 tân ngữ

Ta thường gặp một số câu có 2 tân ngữ đi sau động từ:

VD: He gave me a book.

Ta thấy sau động từ: “gave” có 2 tân ngữ là “me” và “a book”.

Khi câu chủ động có hai tân ngữ ta có thể chuyển thành 2 câu bị động hoặc chọn một trong hai tân ngữ làm chủ ngữ nhưng ưu tiên tân ngữ chỉ người

VD: I was given a book. (Câu chủ động với tân ngữ chỉ người được chọ làm chủ ngữ mới)

        A book was given to me. (Câu bị động với tân ngữ chỉ vật được chọn làm chủ ngữ mới.)

c. Bị động với động từ khuyết thiếu

Các động từ khuyết thiếu (modal verb): Can, could, would, should, may, might, need, must, ought to

Câu chủ động : S + Modal V + V0+ O.

Câu bị động: S + modal V + be + V3 + (+ by + O).

VD: - Chủ động: She can speak English fluently.

 - Bị động: English can be spoken fluently

 

III. BÀI TẬP (EXERCISE)

Exercise 1: Write the correct tense of the verbs in brackets in correct tenses (Simple past or Present Perfect)

  1. The police....................two people early this morning. (arrest)
  2. She............... Japan but now she...............back. (go - come)
  3. Dan..................two tablets this year. (already/ buy)
  4. How many games.................so far this season? (your team/ win)
  5. ................the CN Tower when you................in Toronto? (you/ visit - stay)
  6. ....................your homework yet? – Yes, I.................it an hour ago. (you/ do - finish)
  7. There...................an accident in High Street, so we have to use King Street to get to your school. (to be)
  8. I...............Peter since I...............last Tuesday. (not/ see - arrive)
  9. Frank..................his bike last May. So he...................it for 4 months. (get - have)
  10. I'm sorry, I..................earlier, but I..................a lot lately. (not/ write - work)
  11. Peter............... football yesterday (play)
  12. They................. the car. It looks new again. (clean)
  13. Last year we.................. to Italy. (be)
  14. John and Peggy...................... the book. Now they can watch the film. (read)
  15. I................. my friend two days ago. (meet)
  16. We never…………….... another country before. (visit)
  17. She......................... a new car in 2011. (buy)
  18. I'm sorry, but I........................... my homework. (forget)
  19. ............you.................. the game of chess? (win)
  20. The girls........................ their lunch yet. (eat)
  21. I.................my keys, so I can't open that door. (lose)
  22. Columbus........................in the New World in 1492. (arrive)
  23. Nina..........................her leg. She is still in hospital. (break)
  24. He............................here all his life. (live)
  25. Colin........................for Brazil this morning. (leave)
  26. Last winter Robin..........................with his father in the Alps for three days. (stay)
  27. Ellen..........................with her left hand. (always/ write)
  28. She...............................a language course in Paris last summer. (do)
  29. ......................anyone...........................yet? (phone)
  30. I...............Paul today, but I.................him last Sunday. (see)
  31. They..................all the new words. They needn't worry about the test. (learn)
  32. Three people.................him in hospital last Friday. (visit)
  33. Martin................for 50 miles on scenic routes three weeks ago. (cycle)
  34. We........................chicken Tandoori before. (never/ try)
  35. ................you.......................a job yet? (find)
  36. Emily and Molly..............each other for more than 10 years now. (know)
  37. First he................to the announcement, then he..................to a café for a drink. (listen - go)
  38. She…………........late four times this week. (be)
  39. What's that lovely smell in here? - Jasmin.....................a yummy cake. (bake)
  40. The Titanic..............an iceberg in 1912 and……........within an hour. (hit/ sink)

Exercise 2: Write the passive voice of the following sentences

  1. Somebody has taken my briefcase.
  1. The teacher returned our written work to us.
  1. She has finished her report by soon.
  1. The mad dog bit the little boy.
  1. The police have arrested five suspects.
  1. The doctor ordered him to take a long rest.
  1. They take their children to the zoo every week.
  1. A group of students have met their friends at the rail way station.
  1. They didn’t allow Tom to take these books home.
  1. The teacher won’t correct exercises tomorrow.
  1. Mary has operated Tom since 10 o’clock.
  1. This is the second time they have written to us about this.
  1. Mr. Smith has taught us French for two year.
  1. They didn’t look after the children properly.
  1. Nobody swept this street last week.
  1. People drink a great deal of tea in England.
  1. People speak English all over the world.
  1. Tom was writing two poems.
  1. She often takes her dog for a walk.
  1. They can’t make tea with cold water.
  1. The chief engineer was instructing all the workers of the plan.
  1. Somebody has taken some of my book away.
  1. They will hold the meeting before the May Day.
  1. They have to repair the engine of the car.
  1. The boys broke the window and took away some pictures.
  1. People spend a lot of money on advertising every day.
  1. They may use this room for the classroom.
  1. The teacher is going to tell a story.
  1. Marry is cutting the cake with a sharp knife.
  1. The children looked at the women with a red hat.
  1. Do they teach English here?
  1. Will you invite her to your wedding party?
  1. Has Tom finished the work?
  1. Did the teacher give some exercises?
  1. Have they changed the window of the laboratory?
  1. Is she going to write a poem?
  1. Is she making big cakes for the party?
  1. Are the police making inquires about the thief?
  1. Must we finish the test before ten?
  1. Will buses bring the children home?
  1. Have you finished your homework?
  1. Why didn't they help him?
  1. How many games has the team played?
  1. Where do people speak English?
  1. Who are they keeping in the kitchen?
  1. How can they open this safe?
  1. What books are people reading this year?
  1.  How did the police find the lost man?
  1. Who look after the children for you?
  1. How long have they waited for the doctor?
  1. What time can the boys hand in their papers?
  1. Who lend you this book?
  1. How many marks does the teacher give you?

*****

StudyCare

The more we care - The more you succeed

  • Dạy kèm Toán - Lý - Hóa - Sinh - Văn - Anh theo chương trình phổ thông.
  • Luyện thi chuyển cấp lớp 9 lên lớp 10, luyện thi tốt nghiệp THPT Quốc Gia, Luyện thi Đại Học.
  • Dạy và luyện thi IELTS - TOEIC - TOEFL - PTE - SAT và các chứng chỉ quốc tế

📌 72/53 Nguyễn Văn Thương, Phường 25, Quận Bình Thạnh, Tp. HCM

Website: https://studycare.edu.vn/

Điện thoại: (028).353.66566

Zalo: 098.353.1175

Brochure: https://drive.google.com/file/d/1nUbv7rFdBNRDXDRd5nw2IHRNE-7QSLDn/view?usp=sharing 

 

 

BÌNH LUẬN:
popup

Số lượng:

Tổng tiền: