Chào mừng mọi người đến với một series bài học tiếng Anh do chính đội ngũ StudyCare Education sản xuất – Học Tiếng Anh cùng ngoại truyện Harry Potter. Ở bài viết này, chúng ta sẽ cùng nhau khám phá những điểm ngữ pháp tiếng Anh thú vị có trong Hồi 1: Nhân vật bí ẩn.
Đọc lại Ngoại truyện Harry Potter – Hồi 1: Nhân vật bí ẩn
I woke up as soon as1 the sun hit my face. I groaned and sat down to my bed, “I want to sleep more.” I slammed my body back to my bed, “Danny goes wash up now, and goes to the great hall quick.” I heard aunt Hooch spoke2, I looked3 towards the door, and she was leaning4 against the doorway.
“Alright, alright.” I stood up and went to the bathroom and did my daily routine, “Why the rush.” I brushed my teeth as5 more questions come to my mind, thinking6 what the next prank we’ll be doing today with the twins.
After I’m done with my routine in the bathroom, I changed my nightclothes into a grey dress and headed to the great hall. But I was surprised7 by the loud noises of party popper and clapping hands, and I looked at everyone confused.
“Grandpapa, what’s going on?” I walked up to my grandfather and stood next to uncle Snape, “Here.” Grandfather gave me a letter8, I looked at him in confusion but then it struck me, I hurried looked at the letter, and it was my Hogwarts letter.
“No…” I mumbled as I opened the letter, there were two papers. The first one says
HOGWARTS SCHOOL of WITCHCRAFT and WIZARDRY
Headmaster: Albus Dumbledore
(Order of Merlin, First Class, Grand Sorc., Chf. Warlock, Supreme Mugwump, International Confed. of Wizards)
Dear Ms. Dumbledore,
We are pleased to inform you that9 you have been accepted10 at Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry. Please find enclosed a list of all necessary books and equipment.
The term begins on 1 September. We await your owl by no later than 31 July.
Then I looked at the other paper, and it says all the things I’ll be needing11 as the first year.
HOGWARTS SCHOOL of WITCHCRAFT and WIZARDRY
First-year students will require12:
1. Three sets of plain work robes (black)
2. One plain pointed hat (black) for day wear
3. One pair of protective gloves (dragon hide or similar)
4. One winter cloak (black, with silver fastenings)
Please note that all pupil’s clothes should carry name tags.
All students should have13 a copy of each of the following:
The Standard Book of Spells (Grade 1) by Miranda Goshawk
A History of Magic by Bathilda Bagshot
Magical Theory by Adalbert Waffling
A Beginner’s Guide to Transfiguration by Emeric Switch
One Thousand Magical Herbs and Fungi by Phyllida Spore
Magical Drafts and Potions by Arsenius Jiager
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them by Newt Scamander
The Dark Forces: A Guide to Self-Protection by Quentin Trimble
1 cauldron (pewter, standard size 2)
1 set glass or crystal phials
1 set brass scales
Students may also bring if they desire an owl OR a cat OR a toad.
PARENTS ARE REMINDED THAT FIRST YEARS ARE NOT ALLOWED THEIR OWN BROOMSTICK
Chief Attendant of Witchcraft Provisions
I stared at them with widened eyes, and then to all students. They all smiled at me.
“I, I got my letter.” I started crying, as all the staff congratulated me and gave me a warm hug.
I ran to my friends as they all hugged me. I ran to the twins and showed them my letter.
“Congratulations, Danny!” Fred hugged me.
“I hope you get in Gryffindor.” George pinched my cheeks.
“It doesn’t matter which house you go to Danny, but I hope you do go to Gryffindor,” Percy said as Oliver nodded and smiled at me.
“He’s right, we do hope you get in Gryffindor, but for me, it doesn’t matter.” Oliver ruffled my hair.
“Thanks!” I grinned at them.
“Danny.” My grandfather called out for me; I excused myself from my Hufflepuff friends and went to him.
“What is it, grandpapa?” I smiled, “I wish you to go with Hagrid14 to fetch someone.” He said.
“Oh, that okay. But when grandpapa?” I asked one more time. “Now.” Uncle Hagrid came out of nowhere.
“Now? Isn’t it a bit late?” “We’ll have to fetch this kid; I’m sure you’ll have fun.”
“Alright, then.” I shrug.
Both uncle Hagrid and I went to the muggle world; it was fascinating.
“We’re here.” The house was in a rock in the ocean. I have no idea why we are here, but I’m sure it will be fun.
Uncle Hagrid kicked the door down and left a big dud as thunder came. People were people screamed in fear.
“Sorry ‘bout that.” Uncle Hagrid said as he fixed the door back where it belongs.
“I demand that you leave at once, Sir! You’re breaking and entering!” The old fat man said as he held a gun towards us.
² Harry’s POV ²
There are a giant man and a little girl who seems15 a similar age to me. But she’s a bit small.
The giant man walked towards uncle Vernon and grabs the gun and bends it upwards.
“Dry up, Dursley, you great prune.” He said as the gun fires.
“Ah!!” Aunt Petunia and Dudley gasp, as the little girl covered her ears.
“Uncle, that wasn’t nice!” She still covering her ears from the shot.
“Sorry about that, Danny.” He chuckled. But then he spotted Dudley and walked a bit closer to him.
“Mind, I haven’t seen you since you were a baby, Harry, but you’re a bit more along than I would have expected. Particularly ‘round the middle.” He rubs his stomach.
“I-I’m not Harry,” Dudley said in fear.
“Hahaha! Silly uncle! He’s over there.” The little girl giggled and pointed at me.
“I-l am.” I moved from my hiding place.
“Oh, well, of course, you are! Got something for you, Danny, please give it to him.” He looked over the little.
“Here.” she gave me a box and chuckled at me, her smile is so sweet. She’s so cute.
“Fraid I might have sat16 on it at some point! I imagine that it’ll taste fine just the same; she helped me bake17 that cake. Words and all. Heh. I did the writing.” The giant man patted her head.
“Go on, Harry, open it.” She grins, I opened the box, it was a cake. It says ‘Happee Birdae Harry.’
“It’s not every day that your young man turns eleven, now is it?”
The man sits down on the couch; he took his umbrella out and pointed it at the empty fire. Two sparks fly out the fire starts – the Dursley gasp.
I put the cake down to the table, “Excuse me, who are you?” I asked. “
“Rubeus Hagrid. The keeper of hey and grounds at Hogwarts also this is Danny, Dumbledore’s granddaughter. Course, you’ll know all about the Hogwarts.” He introduced himself and the little girl with him.
“No? Blimey, Harry, didn’t you ever wonder where your mum and dad learned it all?”
“Learnt what?” I asked.
“You’re a wizard, Harry.”
“I-I’m a what?”
“A wizard.” She said.
“And a thumping good one at that, I’d wager. Once you train up a little.” He finished her sentence.
“No, you’ve made18 a mistake. I can’t be... a-a wizard. I mean, I’m just... Harry. Just Harry.” I said I saw from the corner of my eyes19; she’s laughing silently.
“Well, Just Harry, did you ever make anything happen? Anything you couldn’t explain when you were angry or scared?”
My expression softens. “Ah.” He smiles. I heard Dudley whimper from fear.
Hagrid stood up and handed me the same letter that has been sent to the house for a while. I opened it and read it out loud.
“Dear, Mr. Potter. We are pleased to inform you that you have been accepted at Hogwarts’ School of Witchcraft and Wizardry!” I read.
“He’ll not be going!”
“But why not!” Danny said and was about to cry.
“I’m sorry, child, but we swore when we took him in, we’d put an end to this rubbish!” Uncle Vernon’s expression softens when be apologized to her.
“You knew?? You knew all along and never told me?” I turned to Aunt Petunia.
“Of course we knew. How could you not be? My perfect sister being who she was. Oh, my mother and father were so proud the day she got her letter. We have a witch in the family. Isn’t it wonderful? I was the only who to see her for what she was. A freak! And then she met that Potter, and then she had you, and I knew you’d be just the same, just as strange, just as abnormal. And then, if you please, she went and got herself blown up! And we got landed with you.” She teared a bit.
² Danny’s POV ²
“Blown up? You told me my parents died in a car crash!” Harry yelled at them.
What’s a car crash? Mostly what’s a car? I don’t really read about muggles, all my own books that have has been with since I was a little we’re about witches, wizards, gods, and demons.
“A car crash? A car crash kills James and Lily Potter?” Uncle Hagrid wasn’t pleased why the reason they told Harry.
“We had to tell him something.”
“It’s an outrage! It’s a scandal!”
“He’ll not be going!” The man said.
“Oh, and I suppose a great Muggle like your self’s going to stop him, are you?”
I moved towards Harry and stood beside him.
“Muggle?” Harry turned towards me.
“It means, non-magic folk. Like them.” I said.
“This boy’s had his name down ever since he was born! He’s going to the finest school of witchcraft and wizardry in the world, and he’ll be under the greatest headmaster Hogwarts’ has ever seen: Albus Dumbledore.” Uncle Hagrid said, I smiled as soon he mentioned my grandfather20.
“I will not pay for some crackpot old fool to teach him magic tricks!” The man yelled.
My anger rose when he disrespected my grandfather; my grandfather is the best headmaster!21 He’s nice! But a bit mad sometimes, but he’s still the greatest wizard!
Uncle Hagrid whipped out his umbrella and pointed it at Mr. Dursley, “Never insult Albus Dumbledore in front of me, especially at the kid.”
I heard a munching noise, I turned towards, and uncle Hagrid saw the boy eating Harry’s cake, he points his umbrellas at him, but then a grey tail grows.
“Ahh!” Dudley screams, and his family joined, and they chased the boy.
Harry and I laughed, “Oh, um, I’d appreciate it if you didn’t tell anyone at Hogwarts about that22. I was strictly speaking; I’m not allowed to do magic.” Uncle Hagrid whispered to Harry.
Harry nods, “okay.” and smiled. I checked the clock, and we are a bit behind the time, I tapped his arm and showed him my watch.
“Ooh, we’re a bit behind schedule. Best be off. Unless you instead stay, of course. Hmm?” He left and waited outside.
“Come on, Harry; we will be late.” I linked my arms around his.
He looked at me and then to the family who is panicking because of the tail.
“Let’s go.” I grinned, and both of us left.
We walked around the streets of London, some people were staring at us but mostly at my uncle.
“All students must be equipped23 with... One standard size two pewter cauldron and may bring if they desire either an owl, a cat, or a toad.” He reads the paper and then turned towards my uncle.
“Can we find all this in London?”
“But if you know where to go.”
We got to a corner store and entered, and it was The Leaky Cauldron. Music and people are talking.
“Ah! Hagrid! The usual, I presume, and it seems like you brought Danny with you, or she ran away again?” Mr. Tom said as the customers laughed.
I blushed from the embarrassment, yes I ran away a lot of times. Since uncle Snape said learning about Muggles are just a waste of time, so I tried to sneak to check the muggle world but end up getting caught.
“No, thanks, Tom. And Danny didn’t run away, both of us are on official Hogwarts business today. Just helping young Harry here buy his school supplies.” Uncle Hagrid smiled.
“Bless my soul; it’s Harry Potter.” Mr. Tom said the pub went silent. A man came up to Harry and shook his hand.
“Welcome back, Mr. Potter, welcome back.” The man said, then a which comes up and shakes Harry’s hand.
“Doris Crockford, Mr. Potter, I can’t believe I’m meeting you at last.”
Then we saw a man with a turban on his head appears in front of us, and it’s professor Quirrell.
He’s nice, but I don’t like him at all, I always get those bad vibes towards him sometimes. Because I would catch him staring at me, and it’s very creepy.
“Harry P-potter. Can’t tell you how pleased I am to meet you.” Professor Quirrell said.
“Hello, Professor. I didn’t see you there. Harry, this is Professor Quirrell. He’ll be your and also Danny’s Defence Against the Dark Arts teacher at Hogwarts.” Uncle Hagrid explained.
“Oh, nice to meet you.” Harry puts his hand out for a shake, but Professor Quirrell refused and stared at his hands.
“F-fearfully fascinating subject. N-not that you need it, e-eh, Potter? Heheh.”
“Yes, well, we must be going now lots to buy. Heh.”
We left and went to the backroom winery in front of a brick wall.
“See Harry! You’re famous!” I smiled at him.
“But why am I famous? Danny? All those people back there, how is it they know who I am.” Harry said.
“I don’t know, no one told me, but all I know is you’re famous. But maybe uncle Hagrid knows why.” Both of his turned to uncle Hagrid; he looked at us and shook his head.
“I’m not exactly sure I’m the right person to tell you that, Harry.” He said and began to tap the brick wall clockwise with his umbrella. The blocks shifted and opened up to reveal a hidden, busy street.
“Welcome, Harry, to Diagon Alley.”
To be continue…
Ngữ pháp tiếng Anh thú vị trong Hồi 1: Nhân vật bí ẩn
|STT||Ngữ pháp||Công thức||Diễn nghĩa||Cách dùng|
|1||Mệnh đề trạng từ as soon as||S1 + Vo/s/es as soon as S2 + Vo/s/es||… Ngay khi …||Diễn tả một sự xảy ra ngay sau một sự việc khác (2 sự việc nối tiếp nhau). Có 3 loại|
|2||Động từ chỉ giác quan “hear”||Hear somebody do/doing something||Nghe ai đó làm điều gì đó||Hear được diễn đạt khi ta vô tình nghe thấy 1 việc đang xảy ra|
|3||Thì quá khứ đơn||Động từ to be
+: S + was/were + adj/N
-: S + wasn’t/weren’t + adj/N
?: Was/Were + S + adj/N?
Động từ thường
+: S + V2/ed
-: S + didn’t + Vo
?: Did + S + Vo?
|Đã … xong
Làm … xong
|Dùng để diễn tả 1 việc đã xảy ra và kết thúc trong quá khứ. Thì quá khứ đơn được sử dụng ở hầu hết toàn bộ câu chuyện.|
|4||Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn||+: S + was/were + Ving
-: S + wasn’t/weren’t + Ving
?: Was/Were + S + Ving?
|Đang …||Diễn tả hành động đang xảy ra tại 1 thời điểm trong quá khứ|
|5||Mệnh đề trạng từ as||Clause 1 + as + Clause 2||Khi … Thì …||Diễn tả hành động này xảy ra sau hành động kia.|
|6||Hành động xảy ra đồng thời||S + V + O, Ving + O||Vừa V1 vừa V2||Diễn tả hai hành động diễn ra đồng thời do cùng một chủ ngữ gây ra.|
|7||Câu bị động thì quá khứ đơn||S + was/were + V3/ed||Đã bị/đã được …||Diễn tả sự vật sự việc này bị/chịu tác động bởi sự vật sự việc khác. Tùy mỗi thì có câu bị động của riêng nó|
|8||Cấu trúc với động từ “give”||Give somebody sth||Đưa cho ai cái gì||Diễn tả hành động đưa cho ai đó điều gì đó.|
|9||Mệnh đề danh từ||S + inform + somebody + that + clause.||Chủ từ thông báo với ai rằng …||Diễn tả việc chủ từ thông báo cho ai đó việc gì đó.|
|10||Câu bị động của thì hiện tại hoàn thành||S + have/has been + V3/ed||S vừa được/vừa bị …||Diễn tả sự vật sự việc này bị/chịu tác động bởi sự vật sự việc khác. Tùy mỗi thì có câu bị động của riêng nó|
|11||Thì tương lai tiếp diễn||+: S + will + be + Ving
-: S + won’t + be + Ving
?: Will + S + be + Ving?
|Sẽ đang …||Diễn tả hành động đang diễn ra trong tương lai.|
|12||Thì tương lai đơn||+: S + will + Vbare
-: S + won’t + Vbare
?: Will + S + Vbare?
|Sẽ …||Diễn tả hành động sẽ xảy ra trong tương lai nhưng mức độ chắc chắn không cao.|
|13||Model Verbs “should”||+: S + should + Vo
-: S + shouldn’t + Vo
?: Should + S + Vo?
|Nên …||Diễn tả lời khuyên. Các MV khác cũng tương tự như can, could, may, shall,…|
|14||Cấu trúc ước muốn||Wish somebody to do something||Mong/Ước ai đó làm gì||Diễn tả ước muốn, hy vọng, cầu mong. Có 3 loại|
|15||Mệnh đề quan hệ với “who”||S + V + O (person) who + V + O||Ai đó người mà…||Bổ nghĩa cho danh từ.|
|16||Cấu trúc thể hiện suy nghĩ không chắc chắn||Might + have + V3/ed||Có lẽ đã….||Diễn tả điều có lẽ đã xảy ra.|
|17||Cấu trúc giúp đỡ với “help”||Help + somebody + do something||Giúp ai đó làm gì||Dùng khi muốn đề cập đến việc giúp đỡ cho ai đó làm điều gì đó.|
|18||Hiện tại hoàn thành||+: S + have/has + V3/ed
-: S + have/has + not + V3/ed
?: (Wh-) Have/has + S + V3/ed
|Vừa mới … xong||Diễn tả việc vừa mới xảy ra và kết thúc tại thời điểm nói, hoặc việc bắt đầu trong quá khứ và kéo dài đến hiện tại có thể tiếp tục trong tương lai|
|19||Câu gián tiếp||S + said (that) S + V lùi thì||S đã nói rằng S …||Thuật lại lời nói trực tiếp 1-1 thời điểm trước đó|
|20||Mệnh đề với as soon as/ as soon||Clause 1 + as soon as + Clause 2||… ngay sau khi …||2 hành động xảy ra kế tiếp nhau theo thứ tự. Clause 1 vừa xảy ra thì tiếp đến Clause 2|
|21||So sánh nhất||The best + N||… nhất||So sánh nhất của tính từ bất quy tắc good – better than – the best|
|22||Mệnh đề câu điều kiện loại 2||If QKĐ, S + would + Vo||Nếu …, thì sẽ …||Miêu tả điều kiện của sự việc không thể xảy ra ở hiện tại và tương lai.|
|23||Câu bị động với MV||S + MV + be + V3/ed||S được/bị …||Diễn tả sự vật sự việc này bị/chịu tác động bởi sự vật sự việc khác. Tùy mỗi thì có câu bị động của riêng nó|
Học tiếng anh cùng Hồi 1: Nhân vật bí ẩn
- Tổng quát Học Tiếng Anh cùng ngoại truyện Harry Potter (Hồi 1)
- Đọc bản gốc Tiếng Anh
- Đọc bản dịch Tiếng Việt
- Từ vựng mới đáng chú ý
- Tóm tắt Hồi 1 với một vài điểm ngữ pháp và từ vựng đáng nhớ
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